Thursday, 11 June 2015

Aircraft Carriers | INS Vikrant

Why in news?
India undocked its first indigenously-built aircraft carrier INS Vikrant, built at Cochin Shipyard in June 2015.
INS Vikrant:

Source: Dainik Bhaskar
  • It is first of two planned Vikrant-class carriers, second one being  INS Vishal
  • First aircraft carrier to be built in India
  • Timeline:
    • 2011 - left dry dockyad
    • 2013 - officially launched
    • 2015 - undocking - marks completion of the second phase of construction
    • 2016 - expected to have fully completed construction
    • 2017 - expected to be commissioned 
  • After induction, it will be India’s largest aircraft carrier.
  • Built under India’s Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC) project or formerly Project 71 Air Defence Ship (ADS) 
  • On completion of the aircraft carrier - India will be in the elite group of 4 nations - US, Russia, UK and France - in the world which is capable of designing and constructing aircraft carriers.
Other Aircraft carriers of Indian Navy
  • Active:
    • INS Viraat
    • INS Vikramaditya
  • Under construction:
    • INS Vikrant
  • Planned
    • INS Vishal
Significance
  1. Symbolic milestone - because - only 5th country to do this
  2. Development of indigenous institutions
  3. Furtherance of Make in India program
  4. Reduce strategic reliance on other countries
  5. Reduce import bill - hence CAD also reduced
  6. We can help other countries, especially in South Asia, Africa and Latin America in aircraft carrier technology
Sources: PIB, Firstpost, Economic Times, The Hindu, Wikipedia, Dainik Bhaskar

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