Wednesday 17 June 2015

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) 
  • Established under Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 
    • A consolidation of various acts & orders that have hitherto handled food related issues in various Ministries and Departments.
  • Created for 
    • laying down science based standards for articles of food and 
    • to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption.
  • Implementation by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India
  • The Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer of Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) are appointed by Government of India.
    • The Chairperson is in the rank of Secretary to Government of India.
Highlights of the Food Safety and Standard Act, 2006 
Various central Acts ad orders repealed after commencement of FSS Act, 2006:
  • Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954 , 
  • Fruit Products Order , 1955, 
  • Meat Food Products Order , 1973, 
  • Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order, 1947,
  • Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation)Order 1988, 
  • Solvent Extracted Oil, De- Oiled Meal and Edible Flour (Control) Order, 1967, 
  • Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992 

The Act also aims to establish a single reference point for all matters relating to food safety and standards, by moving from multi- level, multi- departmental control to a single line of command. 
To this effect, the Act establishes an independent statutory Authority – the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India with head office at Delhi. 
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) and the State Food Safety Authorities shall enforce various provisions of the Act.

Functions of FSSAI:
  • Framing Regulations to lay down the Standards and guidelines in relation to articles of food and specifying appropriate system of enforcing various standards thus notified.
  • Laying down mechanisms and guidelines for accreditation of certification bodies engaged in certification of food safety management system for food businesses.
  • Laying down procedure and guidelines for accreditation of laboratories and notification of the accredited laboratories.
  • To provide scientific advice and technical support to Central Government and State Governments in the matters of framing the policy and rules in areas which have a direct or indirect bearing of food safety and nutrition .
  • Collect and collate data regarding food consumption, incidence and prevalence of biological risk, contaminants in food, residues of various, contaminants in foods products, identification of emerging risks and introduction of rapid alert system.
  • Creating an information network across the country so that the public, consumers, Panchayats etc receive rapid, reliable and objective information about food safety and issues of concern.
  • Provide training programmes for persons who are involved or intend to get involved in food businesses.
  • Contribute to the development of international technical standards for food, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards.
  • Promote general awareness about food safety and food standards.
In news:
  • Draft recall norms released
  • FSSAI appointed an 11-member expert group that will — for the first time — recommend maximum permissible limits and labelling requirements of sugar, salt and fat in food products
  • Health Ministry has sent a Rs 1,700-crore proposal to the Union Cabinet for a sweeping revamp. The proposal focuses on four main areas
    • strengthening the state inspection apparatus
    • bolstering the FSSAI’s manpower
    • giving the FSSAI more powers and 
    • ensuring that the authority has access to state-of-the-art technology.

[Source: FSSAI Website, Indian Express]


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