Tuesday, 8 September 2015

Gender Parity in Workforce | Workforce Participation Rate for Women in India

  • Status:
    • At 53 percentage points, India has one of the worst gender gaps in the world when it comes to labour force participation, World Bank data shows
    • structural problem in India
    • 217 million women more- to bring parity
    • India’s rank in the United Nations Gender Inequality Index for 2012 is lower than the likes of Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Improving that is perhaps one way to boost economic growth.
    •  
    • Below all the above countries -  Nepal, China, South Africa, Sri Lanka, etc.
  • What will be the advantages?
    • Economic -
      • International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde says it will boost India’s economic output by as much as 27%.
        • speaking at the launch of the W20, a grouping of women leaders from G20 countries.
      • GDP
      • employment rate
      • lesser workforce dependency ratio
      • better service sector growth 
      • bridge skilled personnel deficit - in fields like -  hospitality,childcare, education etc.
    • Social  
      • Health indicators
      • IMR, MMR
      • Respect
      • Health, skills
      • Low female foeticide
      • Better Child development
      • Say in decision making
      • less crimes against women
        • as they can keep check at all workplaces +
        • more acceptance in society
  • What are the limitations?
    • security
    • low sex ratio - sex-selective abortion
    • societal strcuture
    • conservatism
    • skills education gap
    • For instance, women’s economic participation is highest in the northeastern states, where women traditionally enjoy a higher status in society. 
    • Economic census data shows the gender gap to be higher in urban areas. In rural areas, high poverty and the economic necessity of work helps bridge the gap. 
    • A high wage gap between men and women for the same work also acts as a deterrent.
  • How to increase their participation?
    • Provide solution for all limitations above

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