Sunday, 4 October 2015

India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)

Reduce emission intensity by 33 to 35 per cent by 2030 compared to 2005 levels
  • Introduce new, more efficient and cleaner technologies in thermal power generation
  • Reducing emissions from transportation sector
  • Promote energy efficiency, mainly in industry, transportation, buildings and appliances
  • Develop climate resilient infrastructure
  • Pursue Zero Effect, Zero Defect policy under Make in India programme
Produce 40 per cent of electricity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030, if international community helps with technology transfer and low cost finance.
  • Install 175 GW of solar, wind and biomass electricity by 2022, and scale up further in following years
  • Aggressively pursue development of hydropower
  • Achieve the target of 63 GW of installed nuclear power capacity by 2032
Create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2030 through additional forest and tree cover.
  • Full implementation of Green India Mission and other programmes of afforestation
  • Develop 140,000 km long tree line on both sides of national highways
Develop robust adaptation strategies for agriculture, water and health sectors
  • Redesign National Water Mission and National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture
  • Active implementation of ongoing programmes like National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA), setting up of 100 mobile soil-testing laboratories, distribution of soil health cards to farmers.
  • Additional impetus on watershed development through Neeranchal scheme
  • Effective implementation of National Mission on Clean Ganga
  • Early formulation and implementation of National Health Mission
  • Complete Integrated Coastal Zone Management plan. Mapping and demarcation of coastal hazard lines 

Money Matters

  • At least USD 2.5 trillion (at current prices) required between now and 2030 to implement all planned actions. 
    • USD 206 million required for adaptation actions. 
    • Much more needed for strengthening resilience and disaster management.
  • About USD 834 billion, at 2011 prices, required for mitigation actions till 2030.
  • A total of INR 170.84 billion collected through cess on coal production. Being used for funding clean energy projects
  • National Adaptation Fund has been created with initial allocation of Rs 3500 million
  • Tax free infrastructure bonds of INR 50 billion being introduced for funding renewable energy projects

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