Tuesday, 14 July 2015

Home Guards of India

About Home Guards:
  • Setup in 1946
  • an Indian paramilitary police force. 
  • It is a voluntary force, tasked as an auxiliary to the Indian Police
  • The Home Guards Organisation was reorganised in India in 1962 after the Sino-Indian War China, though it existed in smaller units individually in some places. 
  • Home Guards are recruited from various cross sections of the civil society such as professionals, college students, agricultural and industrial workers etc. who give their spare time for betterment of the community. 
  • All citizens of India, in the age group of 18-50, are eligible. Normal tenure of membership in Home Guards is 3 to 5 years
  • For internal security, emergencies, disaster management etc.
  • Strength of about 6 lakhs
  • Under MHA

Functions:

The functions to be performed by Home Guards are listed below:
  • To serve as Auxiliary to the Police and generally help in maintaining internal security. - Communal riots and civil disturbance
  • To help the community in any kind of Emergency—such as on Air-raid precautions or on any natural disaster.
  • To function as an Emergency Force intended for special tasks directly or indirectly connected with the defence of the country.
  • To maintain functional units to provide essential services such as 
    • motor transport, 
    • Engineering groups, 
    • Fire brigade
    • Nursing and First Aid
    • Operation of Power supply
    • Water installations and 
    • Communication systems etc.
  • The Border Wing of 18 battalions assists the Border Security Force in preventing infiltration on the international border/coastal areas, guarding lines of communication and vulnerable areas at the time of external aggression
  • Marine Units function as an Indian Coast Guard auxiliary.
  • The Fire Wing assists the Indian Fire service.
  • Assist admin in communal harmony, protection and welfare of backward classses (SC/ST), welfare activities, socio-economic activities

[Source: India Year Book, Wikipedia]

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