Wednesday, 29 July 2015

National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO)

Why in news?
The National Technical Research Organisation has been given the task of extracting the exact coordinates from the two GPS locators recovered from the militants killed in Dinapur of Gurdaspur in Punjab

NTRO:

  • Indian technical intelligence agency. 
  • primary advisor on security issues to the Prime Minister and the Union Council of Ministers of India.
    • It also provides technical intelligence to other Indian agencies
  • under the National Security Adviser in the Prime Minister's Office
  • includes National Institute of Cryptology Research and Development (NICRD), which is first of its kind in Asia
  • National Critical Infrastructure Protection Centre, an agency under the NTRO, has been created to monitor, intercept and assess threats to crucial infrastructure and other vital installations from intelligence gathered using sensors and platforms which include satellites, underwater buoys, drones, VSAT-terminal locators and fiber-optic cable nodal tap points
  • NTRO also has access to data from Technology Experiment Satellite(TES), Cartosat-2A and Cartosat-2B besides two Radar Imaging Satellites namely RISAT-1 &RISAT-2.
  • Since its inception in 2004, the agency has often been the subject of national controversy.
    • In August 2011, a whistleblower reported that NTRO has tapped 7,50,000 phones illegally.The matter was hushed up and no investigation was done.[21]
    • In April 2013, the department of electronics and information technology (DeitY) accused NTRO of cracking national informatics center (NIC) network
  • develops technology capabilities in 
    • aviation and remote sensing, 
    • data gathering and processing, 
    • cyber security, 
    • cryptology systems, 
    • strategic hardware 
    • software development 
    • strategic monitoring
[Ref: The Hindu, Wikipedia]

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