Tuesday, 28 July 2015

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

Why in news?
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval to a new scheme the “Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana” (PMKSY).  It will have an outlay of Rs. 50,000 crore over a period of five years (2015-16 to 2019-20). The allocation for the current financial year is Rs. 5300 crore.

Details:


  • Objective
    • to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level, 
    • expand cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet ko pani), 
    • improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, 
    • enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop), 
    • enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal based water for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system. 
  • The scheme also aims at bringing concerned Ministries/Departments/Agencies/Research and Financial Institutions engaged in creation/use/recycling/potential recycling of water, brought under a common platform, so that a comprehensive and holistic view of the entire "water cycle" is taken into account and proper water budgeting is done for all sectors namely, household, agriculture and industries.
  • The programme architecture of PMKSY aims at a 'decentralized State level planning and execution' structure, in order to allow States to draw up a District Irrigation Plan (DIP) and a State Irrigation Plan (SIP). 
    • DIP will have holistic developmental perspective of the district outlining medium to long term developmental plans integrating three components namely, water sources, distribution network and water use application of the district to be prepared at two levels -  the block and the district. 
  • All structures created under the schemes will be geotagged.
  • SUPERVISION:
    • The programme will be supervised and monitored at the national level by an Inter-Ministerial National Steering Committee (NSC) under the Chairmanship of the Prime Minister with Union Ministers of all concerned Ministries.  
    • A National Executive Committee (NEC) is to be constituted under the Chairmanship of the Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog to oversee programme implementation, allocation of resources, inter ministerial coordination, monitoring and performance assessment, addressing administrative issues etc. 
    • At the state level the scheme is to be administered by a State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC) to be Chaired by the Chief Secretary of the respective States. 
      • The committee will have all authority to sanction the project and also monitor the progress of the scheme.  
    • At the district level their shall be a district level implementation committee for ensuring last mile coordination a the field level.
PMKSY subsumes 3 programs:

-allocation of Rs 50,000 crore spread over a period of five years,
-will subsume three major ongoing irrigation programmes of the Centre:
1. the AIBP - accelerated irrigation benefit programme of the ministry of
water resources,
2. integrated watershed management programme of the ministry of rural
development and land resources, and
3. the farm water management component of the national mission on
sustainable agriculture of the department of agriculture.

Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme:
Launched in 1996-97
-to give loan assistance to the states to help them a few major
irrigation projects which were in advanced stage of completion.
-Only those schemes which can be completed within four years..and not
receiving any other financial aid.
-The assistance of the Central and State share of 2:1.


[Source: PIB]

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