Tuesday, 28 July 2015

Monkey Fever | Kyasnaur Forest Disease (KFD)

Why in news?

  • Known medically as Kyasnaur Forest Disease (KFD)
  • First detected in 1950s, but it was endemic to Shimdoga in Karnataka till recently.
  • Now detected in Kerala, that's why in news.


Details:

  • Viral disease
  • human contract infection by the bite of tick
  • Among animals, only monkeys seem to succumb to the infection after they come into contact with infected ticks. 
  • Monkey deaths in a locality is often an indication that human infections might follow.
    • That's why called "monkey fever".
  • The symptoms of the disease include a high fever with frontal headaches, followed by haemorrhagic symptoms, such as bleeding from the nasal cavity, throat, and gums, as well as gastrointestinal bleeding.
  • A vaccine has been developed, but not very effective.
  • No specific treatment available. 
  • 10% morbidity.

[Contributed by: CHANDAN KUMAR]

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